PCOD is a common problem among young females these days. One out of five that is 20% of Indian women suffer from PCOD. 5 to 10 percent of females come to know about this condition at their childbearing age that is from 18 to 45 years. PCOS is a cause of infertility in 70% of women’s. Facing problems like obesity, irregular menstrual cycle, hair fall, acne, unwanted facial hair, insulin resistance diabetes, etc. are common signs of PCOS.
PCOD polycystic ovarian disease also known as PCOS polycystic ovarian syndrome. It is caused due to the hormonal imbalance in the body. Normally, female hormones estrogens and progesterone are produced with slight production of male hormone androgen. Both these hormones regulate the formation of follicles in female ovaries. In PCOD, due to hormonal imbalance numerous small follicles are formed instead of one mature egg. High androgen levels affect menstrual cycle as ovaries fails to release mature egg.
Here is a detailed overview of PCOS
Cause of PCOD is still unknown. However, some research showed that genetics and environmental factors play a very important role. It could be hereditary in some cases and in most of the cases it results from unhealthy lifestyle, lack of physical activity, resistance to insulin, low grade inflammation etc.
Irregular menstrual cycle is most common symptom of PCOD. Women with this disease get fewer than 8 periods a year. Unwanted facial and body hair is common among females suffering from PCOD. It happens because excess amount of androgen is produced in the body. Acne, Obesity, mood swings, male pattern baldness are other common symptoms of PCOD.
Diagnosis of PCOS includes ultrasound of abdomen and pelvis. Blood test is used to check level of androgen, Luteinizing hormone, sugar, cholesterol, etc.
Awareness of this condition among young females is very important as it leads to future implications like increase risk of endometrial cancer, breast cancer, infertility, type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure and other heart problems. Therefore, it is very important to treat this disorder by making some lifestyle modifications and following strict medications.
Treatment of PCOD depends on age and severity of symptoms. Lifestyle modifications like regular exercise, healthy diet, weight loss, etc. are advisable. One can overcome obesity by losing 5 to 10 % of body weight. Other problems like irregular menstrual cycle, infertility, acne, hirsutism can be resolved by the means of medications. Birth control pills are given to bring estrogen levels to its normal range which in turn helps overcome problems such as acne, hirsutism, regulates ovulation, etc. If medications are not effective laser treatment is done in order to get rid of unwanted facial hairs. If all the treatments fail, then surgery is the last option to improve fertility.
Diabetes and PCOS
One of the common symptoms of PCOS is elevated insulin level or insulin resistance diabetes. You might not show this symptom at an early stage but if not treated well then it leads to type 2 diabetes. Insulin is produced by pancreatic cells to maintain blood glucose levels. Insulin resistance is a condition in which cells fail to respond to hormone insulin. More glucose is present in blood stream, but cells are starving due to their inability to respond towards insulin. Elevated insulin levels in blood stream causes ovaries to produce androgens which in turn disrupts the process of ovulation. It is very important to follow a proper diet in order to control the insulin level in the body.
Infertility and PCOS
PCOS is a primary cause of infertility. Women’s come to know about PCOD in their childbearing age that is when they try to conceive. Women’s with PCOS have limited number of healthy eggs in their ovary. Therefore, it is advisable for them to go for an early pregnancy as advancing age lowers the chance of conceiving due to decline in number of healthy eggs with increasing age. Medications are given to improve fertility and ovulation. Laparoscopic ovarian drilling is surgical option to restore ovulation. IVF is recommended if surgery and medications are not effective.
Diet and PCOD
Lifestyle modifications and a proper diet are two most effective ways to overcome the symptoms of PCOD. Here are some dietary tips for women with PCOD. This can help to a great extent and help medications work faster.
- Include more fruits and vegetables in your diet.
- Avoid dairy products as they increase insulin level.
- Avoid sugary food and beverages.
- Do not consume saturated fats as it contributes to increase cholesterol.
- Must follow fiber-rich diet.
- Don’t keep yourself hungry. Eat small frequent meals and keep yourself hydrated.
- Exercise 30 to 60 minutes per day to overcome insulin resistance.